TOP234GN Power Integrations, TOP234GN Datasheet - Page 21

IC OFFLINE SWIT OVP UVLO 8SMD

TOP234GN

Manufacturer Part Number
TOP234GN
Description
IC OFFLINE SWIT OVP UVLO 8SMD
Manufacturer
Power Integrations
Series
TOPSwitch®-FXr
Type
Off Line Switcherr
Datasheet

Specifications of TOP234GN

Output Isolation
Isolated
Frequency Range
66 ~ 132kHz
Voltage - Output
700V
Power (watts)
30W
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 150°C
Package / Case
8-SMD Gull Wing, 7 Leads
Output Voltage
12 V
Input / Supply Voltage (max)
265 VAC
Input / Supply Voltage (min)
85 VAC
Duty Cycle (max)
78 %
Switching Frequency
132 KHz
Supply Current
1.5 mA
Operating Temperature Range
- 40 C to + 150 C
Mounting Style
SMD/SMT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant

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Company
Part Number
Manufacturer
Quantity
Price
Part Number:
TOP234GN
Manufacturer:
PowerInt
Quantity:
350
Part Number:
TOP234GN
Manufacturer:
POWER
Quantity:
4 500
Company:
Part Number:
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Company:
Part Number:
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is more cost effective than the Zener clamp but requires more
careful design (see quick design checklist).
Output Diode
The output diode is selected for peak inverse voltage, output
current, and thermal conditions in the application (including
heat sinking, air circulation, etc.). The higher DC
TOPSwitch-FX along with an appropriate transformer turns
ratio can allow the use of a 60 V Schoktty diode for higher
efficiency on output voltages as high as 15 V (See Figure 24. A
12 V, 30 W design using a 60 V Schottky for the output diode).
Soft-Start
Generally a power supply experiences maximum stress at start-
up before the feedback loop achieves regulation. For a period
of 10 ms the on-chip soft-start linearly increases the duty cycle
from zero to the default DC
primary current and output voltage to rise in an orderly manner
allowing time for the feedback loop to take control of the duty
cycle. This reduces the stress on the TOPSwitch-FX MOSFET,
clamp circuit and output diode(s), and helps prevent transformer
saturation during start-up. Also, soft-start limits the amount of
output voltage overshoot, and in many applications eliminates
the need for a soft-finish capacitor.
EMI
The frequency jitter feature modulates the switching frequency
over a narrow band as a means to reduce conducted EMI peaks
associated with the harmonics of the fundamental switching
frequency. This is particularly beneficial for average detection
mode. As can be seen in Figure 28, the benefits of jitter increase
with the order of the switching harmonic due to an increase in
frequency deviation.
The FREQUENCY pin of TOPSwitch-FX offers a switching
frequency option of 132 kHz or 66 kHz. In applications that
require heavy snubbers on the drain node for reducing high
frequency radiated noise (for example, video noise sensitive
applications such as VCR, DVD, monitor, TV, etc.), operating
at 66 kHz will reduce snubber loss resulting in better efficiency.
Also, in applications where transformer size is not a concern,
use of the 66 kHz option will provide lower EMI and higher
efficiency. Note that the second harmonic of 66 kHz is still
below 150 kHz, above which the conducted EMI specifications
get much tighter.
For 10 W or below, it is possible to use a simple inductor in place
of a more costly AC input common mode choke to meet
worldwide conducted EMI limits.
Transformer Design
It is recommended that the transformer be designed for maximum
operating flux density of 3000 gauss and a peak flux density of
4200 gauss at maximum current limit. The turns ratio should be
chosen for a reflected voltage (V
MAX
OR
at turn on, which causes the
) no greater than 135 V when
MAX
of
Figure 28. (a) Conducted noise improvement for low frequency
-10
-10
-20
-10
-10
-20
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
0
0.15
0
0.15
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
harmonics due to jitter, (b) TOPSwitch-II full range EMI
scan (100kHz, no jitter), (c) TOPSwitch-FX full range
EMI scan (132 kHz, with jitter) with identical circuitry
and conditions.
2nd
TOPSwitch-FX (with jitter)
TOPSwitch-II (no jitter)
Switching Harmonic
Frequency (MHz)
Frequency (MHz)
1
1
3rd
(a)
(b)
(c)
4th
TOP232-234
Quasi-Peak
Average
VFG243B (QP)
VF646B (AV)
5th
VFG243B (QP)
VF646B (AV)
10
10
7/01
B
21
30
30

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