ATmega168A Atmel Corporation, ATmega168A Datasheet - Page 195

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ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168A
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
No
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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20.9
8271D–AVR–05/11
Multi-processor Communication Mode
Table 20-2 on page 195
that can be tolerated. Note that Normal Speed mode has higher toleration of baud rate
variations.
Table 20-2.
Table 20-3.
The recommendations of the maximum receiver baud rate error was made under the assump-
tion that the Receiver and Transmitter equally divides the maximum total error.
There are two possible sources for the receivers baud rate error. The Receiver’s system clock
(XTAL) will always have some minor instability over the supply voltage range and the tempera-
ture range. When using a crystal to generate the system clock, this is rarely a problem, but for a
resonator the system clock may differ more than 2% depending of the resonators tolerance. The
second source for the error is more controllable. The baud rate generator can not always do an
exact division of the system frequency to get the baud rate wanted. In this case an UBRRn value
that gives an acceptable low error can be used if possible.
Setting the Multi-processor Communication mode (MPCMn) bit in UCSRnA enables a filtering
function of incoming frames received by the USART Receiver. Frames that do not contain
address information will be ignored and not put into the receive buffer. This effectively reduces
the number of incoming frames that has to be handled by the CPU, in a system with multiple
MCUs that communicate via the same serial bus. The Transmitter is unaffected by the MPCMn
# (Data+Parity Bit)
# (Data+Parity Bit)
10
10
D
D
5
6
7
8
9
5
6
7
8
9
Recommended Maximum Receiver Baud Rate Error for Normal Speed Mode
(U2Xn = 0)
Recommended Maximum Receiver Baud Rate Error for Double Speed Mode
(U2Xn = 1)
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
R
R
and
slow
slow
93.20
94.12
94.81
95.36
95.81
96.17
94.12
94.92
95.52
96.00
96.39
96.70
Table 20-3 on page 195
(%)
(%)
R
R
105.66
104.92
104,35
103.90
103.53
103.23
106.67
105.79
105.11
104.58
104.14
103.78
fast
fast
(%)
(%)
Max Total Error (%)
Max Total Error (%)
+5.66/-5.88
+4.92/-5.08
+4.35/-4.48
+3.90/-4.00
+3.53/-3.61
+3.23/-3.30
+5.79/-5.88
+5.11/-5.19
+4.58/-4.54
+4.14/-4.19
+3.78/-3.83
+6.67/-6.8
list the maximum receiver baud rate error
Recommended Max
Recommended Max
Receiver Error (%)
Receiver Error (%)
± 2.5
± 2.0
± 1.5
± 1.5
± 1.5
± 1.0
± 3.0
± 2.5
± 2.0
± 2.0
± 1.5
± 1.5
195